Tokyo led Asian and European equities higher and the yen fell after Japan’s central bank adjusted its stimulus programme, giving world markets a healthy start on what has been dubbed “Big Wednesday”.
The Nikkei sprang from negative territory to end 1.9 percent higher after the Bank of Japan said it would try to raise government bond yields as part of its drive to kickstart inflation. Yields on 10-year government bonds briefly broke into positive territory on the news before falling back.
It also said it would continue its huge monetary easing scheme and delayed cutting interest rates further into negative territory — providing some much-needed relief for banks, which have been hammered by the policy introduced earlier this year.
“The BoJ’s decision to steepen the yield curve showed they are taking into account the situation of financial institutions,” Takeshi Minami, chief economist at Norinchukin Research Institute, told Bloomberg News.
The dollar soared to 102.71 yen at one point from 101.69 yen in the morning and 101.72 in New York, while the euro was at 114.10 yen from 113.50 yen earlier.
The announcement came at the end of a keenly-awaited meeting and follows a string of weak readings on the economy, which has failed to revive despite three years of bank and government stimulus.
Later in the day the US Federal Reserve will wind up its own policy meeting, which analysts are calling the biggest for years.
Global markets have suffered severe volatility in the weeks leading up to the gathering, with Fed officials giving contradictory opinions on the need for a rise in interest rates.
While it is not expected to tighten this month, the policy board’s statement will be pored over for clues about its plans for its next meeting in December, or January.